|Title||A probabilistic-bulk model of coupled mixed layer and convection: 1) Clear-sky case|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Gentine, P, Betts, A, Lintner, BR, Findell, KL, van Heerwaarden, CC, Tzella, A, ’Andrea, F|
|Journal||Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences|
A new bulk model of the convective boundary layer, the probabilistic bulk convection model (PBCM), is presented. Unlike prior bulk approaches that have modeled the mixed-layer-top buoyancy flux as a constant fraction of the surface buoyancy flux, PBCM implements a new mixed-layer-top entrainment closure based on the mass flux of updrafts overshooting the inversion. This mass flux is related to the variability of the surface state (potential temperature θ and specific humidity q) of an ensemble of updraft plumes. We evaluate the model against observed clear-sky weak and strong inversion cases and show that PBCM performs well. The height, state and timing of the boundary layer growth are accurately reproduced. Sensitivity studies are performed highlighting the role of the main parameters (surface variances, lateral entrainment). The model is weakly sensitive to the exact specification of the variability at the surface and is most sensitive to the lateral entrainment of environmental air into the rising plumes. Apart from allowing time-dependent top-of-the boundary-layer entrainment rates expressed in terms of surface properties, which can be observed in situ, PBCM naturally takes into account the transition to the shallow convection regime, as described in a companion paper. Thus, PBCM represents an important step towards a unified framework bridging parameterizations of mixed layer entrainment velocity in both clear-sky and moist convective boundary layers.
|Short Title||J. Atmos. Sci.|
A probabilistic-bulk model of coupled mixed layer and convection: 1) Clear-sky case