|Title||The Use of Enzyme Hydrolysis to Assess the Seasonal Mobility and Bioavailability of Organic Phosphorus in Lake Sediments|
|Publication Type||Conference Proceedings|
|Year of Conference||2013|
|Authors||Giles, CD, Lee, LG, Cade-Menun, BJ, Rutila, BC, Schroth, AW, Xu, Y, Hill, JE, Druschel, G|
|Conference Name||American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013|
|Conference Location||San Francisco, CA|
Lake sediments represent a significant internal source of phosphorus (P) in eutrophic freshwater systems during periods of high biological activity and oxygen depletion in sediments. Enzyme-labile and redox-sensitive P fractions may be a major component of the mobile sediment P pool which contributes to the development of harmful algal blooms. We present a high-through-put enzyme-based method for assessing potentially bioavailable (enzyme-labile) P in lake sediments and describe the relationship between enzyme-labile P, ascorbate-extractable (reactive) P and metals (Fe, Mn, Al, Ca), and P species identified using solution 31-P NMR spectroscopy. Sediment cores (0-10 cm) were collected from Lake Champlain over multiple years (Missisquoi Bay, VT, USA; 2007-2013). A principal components analysis of sediment properties suggests that enzyme-labile and reactive P, Mn, and Fe concentrations were more effective than the 31-P NMR methodology alone for differentiating algal bloom stage associated with periods of sediment anoxia. Bloom onset (July 2008) and peak bloom (August 2008, 2012) periods corresponded to the highest enzyme-labile P and lowest reactive P and metals proportions, despite 31-P NMR profiles which did not change significantly with respect to time and depth. High levels of reduced Fe and Mn ions were also detected in pore-water during this period, confirming previous reports that organic P bioavailability is linked to the redox status of sediments. High through-put analysis of enzyme-labile P fractions will provide spatially and temporally resolved information on bioavailable P pools at lower cost than traditional methods (i.e., 31-P NMR), and provide much-needed detail on aquatic P cycles during discrete stages of algal bloom development and sediment anoxia.
The Use of Enzyme Hydrolysis to Assess the Seasonal Mobility and Bioavailability of Organic Phosphorus in Lake Sediments